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Kentish lore

Translations of laws, customary lore and practices attested in Kent.


Customs  |   Dialect  |   Material  |   Medical  |   Motifs





Medical recipes against strangury and dysuria, 13th century

Two medical recipes written down by a monk-scribe of St Andrew’s Priory, Rochester, are today part of the single bound volume known as Custumale Roffense (c. 1235), or the Rochester custumal. Read



Human body and soul, c.1230

Gabriele Macelletti provides an introduction and translation of a section in the Rochester Bestiary on the human body and soul. Read





Human senses, c.1230

The section of the Rochester Bestiary on humans continues with a description of the five known senses. Read





Human anatomy, c.1230

The section of the Rochester Bestiary on humans includes a long description of various parts of the body from head to toe. Read





Human reproduction, c.1230

The section of the Rochester Bestiary on humans and the human body concludes with a discussion of reproduction. Read





Calendars for bloodletting, 13th century

Medical recipes are not typical texts for a custumal. For some reason Westerham decided to preserve them in his register, perhaps because they would be readily available. Read




Provisions for the sick of Saint Bartholomew's Hospital

Here is what is owed to the sick brothers of Saint Bartholomew at Rochester. Read





Duties of St Andrew's Priory infirmary attendants, c.1225

Dr Christopher Monk provides an translation of the duties of the infirmary attendants of St Andrew's Priory, Rochester, as recorded in the c.1225 Custumale Roffense. Read